The categorization of perfumes within olfactory families allows a classification according to key olfactory characteristics and scent notes. A consistent classification is not always possible due to the complexity of fragrances as well as the emergence of new fragrance trends. Thus perfumes can embrace aspects of various olfactory families.
The simplest categorization of feminine fragrances is to subdivide the olfactory families into 4 different categories: citrus, chypre, oriental and floral.
Citrus or hesperidic fragrances
Citrus notes can be found in almost all head notes. They are fresh, lively and evaporate quickly. Fragrances within this category are made of lemon, orange, bergamot, grapefruit or tangerine essences. Often these scents are combined with other ingredients gained from orange trees like orange blossom, petitgrain or neroli. This segment experienced its heyday for a long time with "Eaux de Cologne" perfumes. One of the most famous citrus perfumes is CK one by Calvin Klein.
Chypre perfumes comprise accords of oakmoss, labdanum ciste, patchouli and bergamot (ingredients that were to be found on the island of Cyprus - therefore the name Chypre). They are long lasting, classic-elegant and intensive fragrances with a high recognition degree. Chypre essences are often combined with floral or fruity notes
Fragrances of this category are opulent, sensual, warm and sometimes powdery. Typical substances for oriental compositions are balsamic resins, precious woods, animalic essences, musk and vanilla. Frequently, these scents are enlightened with exotic spices or florals.
Floral perfumes are the largest olfactory family. They can be composed of different harmonically combined flowers and floral accords. These fragrances are called floral bouquets.
In order to convey a subtle freshness to floral fragrances fruity, green, spicy ingredients or aldehydes can be added.